Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 1775 – 19 December 1851), known in his time as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist. He is known for his expressive colourisations, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings. He left behind more than 550 oil paintings, 2,000 watercolours, and 30,000 works on paper. He was championed by the leading English art critic John Ruskin from 1840, and is today regarded as having elevated landscape painting to an eminence rivalling history painting.
Born: April 23, 1775; London, England, United Kingdom Places are defined in terms of modern geography.
- Died: December 19, 1851. Nationality: British
- Art Movement: Romanticism. Genre: landscape
- Field: painting, printmaking
- Influenced by: Antoine Watteau, Horace Vernet, Jacob van Ruisdael, Rembrandt
- Influenced on: Alfred Sisley, Childe Hassam, Samuel Palmer, Claude Monet, Thomas Cole, Camille Corot, Alexander Helwig Wyant, Paul Nash, Frederick McCubbin
- Art institution: Royal Academy of Arts (RA), London, UK